Agriculture sector is a vital component of Pakistan’s economy as it provides the raw materials to down the line industries and helps in poverty alleviation. The agriculture sector growth is contingent on favourable weather conditions. There is a strong relationship between agriculture and climate—temperature, precipitation, floods and other aspects of weather that finally affect economic performance including agriculture production, commodity prices and finally economic growth. The emerging challenges of national food security and climate change have shifted the policy focus globally towards the development of agriculture sector during past few years. The high potential of this sector in earning valuable foreign exchange has been greatly realized through taping the potential in value addition sectors. Pakistan’s agriculture community consists of small farmers having various limitations in their day to day farming practices that have been translated into the fact that per yield level in Pakistan has been graded in the lower to middle ranged economy fulfilling the propensity to cater the food requirements of its growing population and with current pace of development envisages to slip to the lower ranged economies having ability to cater the nutritional needs of its population by the year 2030. The Government is focusing on improving agricultural productivity by increasing crops yield, systematic application of better inputs and advance technology to enhance profitability of the farming community, improve competitiveness and ensure the environmental sustainability of agriculture.